Oncosurgery which can also be referred to as Surgical Oncology is the discipline of medicine concerned with surgeries used for the treatment and diagnosis of various types of cancer. It remains the foundation for the treatment of cancer. It can be used for a number of reasons, like your doctor may use cancer surgery for diagnosis, treatment, or simply relieving the symptoms of cancer. The applications of this discipline are widespread. It may be your only treatment or it could be used as a supplementary process to other procedures such as chemotherapy, radiation therapy and hormone therapy. For many tumors, Oncosurgery is the best cure possible, more preferred if the cancer hasn’t spread and is still localized. In these cases, doctors recommend to remove the cancerous tumors from the body using cancer surgery. In other cases, a process called debulking is used, in which doctors remove as much cancerous tumor as possible, because removing complete would cause harm to an organ. They remove as much as is needed, then make use of other procedures like chemotherapy to make the process even more effective.

Oncosurgeons

A Surgical Oncologist specializes in the removal of tumors, cancer cells and surrounding tissues during operation. In most cases, an expert of a subspecialty of Oncosurgery performs the surgery. It is because no person can be competent in all the surgical procedures known, which are quite many. This depends on the type of cancer affecting the patient; a Gynecologic Oncologist will treat cancers of women’s reproductive system; a Pediatric Oncologist will treat cancers of children and so on. A patient often has a whole team of medical care professionals who treat their patients by fulfilling their roles individually and as a team.

Common Conditions :

Oncosurgery ( Cancer Surgery ) Commonly treats the following conditions :

Oncosurgeons treat a plethora of medical conditions, cancers from the top to the bottom of the body. Some of these conditions are:

•  Adrenal tumors
•  Appendix cancer
•  Bile duct tumors
•  Breast cancer
•  Colon cancer
•  Chondroma (benign tumour of cartilage)
•  Cancers developing in the hair follicles or under the skin
•  Endocrine tumors
•  Cysts
•  Esophageal cancer
•  Pancreatic cancer
•  Pancreatitis
•  Melanoma
•  Parathyroid cancer
•  Renal cancer
•  Intestinal cancer
•  Liver cancers like gallbladder cancer, metastatic colon cancer, hepatocellular cancer
•  Neuroendocrine cancer
•  Liver tumors such as adenoma, hyperplasia, focal nodular and hemagioma
•  Sarcoma which are the tumors of bones and soft tissues. They include chondrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, carcinosarcoma, angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma and liopsarcoma
•  Thyroid tumors
•  Skin cancer
•  Thyroid cancer like medullary cancer, papillary cancer and anaplastic thyroid cancer